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Notes for Richard Lippincott and Abigail Goody

Richard and Abigail Lippincott were of Stonehouse, Devonshire, England. [1] [2] [3]

1639 Richard and Abigail Lippincott settled in Dorchester, Massachusetts. [4] [5]

1640 On 1 April, Dorchester Town Records reported: "Richard Lyppingcot is Chosen to keepe the pound to haue 2d for impounding 1 hogg alone and but 1d if he impound more together and to haue for impounding other cattle according to the order of the last yeere." [6]

1652 Richard and Abigail Lippincott returned to England. [7] [8]

1663 Richard Lippincott and Abigail returned to America with their children and settled in Rhode Island. [9]

The birth and death dates of their children were recorded in Quaker records of Shrewsbury. [10]

1665 Richard Lippincott joined a group of Quakers in purchasing a large tract of land in East Jersey near Shrewsbury, and moved there a year or two later. [11]

1670 Richard Lippincott received a patent for 376 acres in Shrewsbury, New Jersey, as "reckoned to Our Lady Day (March 25), 1685. [12]

1679 May 21: Richard Lippincott of New Shrewsbury, New Jersey, planter, and wife Abigall to each of their five sons, named in order, deeds for 200 acres of the 1,000 acre tract (supra p. 5) on Chohanzick R. and Wee-hatt-quack Creek. [13]

1683 Richard Lippincott, of Shrowesbery, dated his will on November 23. Wife Abegall. Sons Jacob, Freedom, Remembrance, John, Restore, daughter Incarnation [Increase]. Land at Long Point. Personal property. The wife executrix. Witnesses Hugh Dickman, Judah Allen. Acknowledged by testator before Joseph Parker, Justice of the Peace, as his testament same day. [14] [15]

1683-4 Jan. 2. Warrant by Governor Thomas Rudyard to Joseph Parker, John Hans and Eliakim Wardell or any two of them, to examine Abigail, the widow of Richard Lippincott, as to her knowledge of any other last will, made by her late husband. Endorsement, dated May 21, 1683, states that the said Abigail has no knowledge of any other will and that she will faithfully administer the estate. [16]

1683-4 Jan. 2. Bond of Abigail Lippincott, widow, as administratrix. William Shattock and Francis Borden fellow bondsmen. Monmouth Wills. [17]

1684 May 21. Inventory of the personal estate £428.2.0, including debts due 30 and neagro servants £60); made by Eliakim Wardell, William Shattock, Francis Borden and Joseph Parker, as shown by the widow Abigail. [18]

1683-4 Jan. 2. Commission to Joseph Parker, John Hance and Eliakim Wardell of Shrewsbury to examine Abigaill Lepincott about her late husband's, Richard Leppincott's, will, with said will, dated 23d day 9th month (Nov.) 1683, which mentions: Sons Jacob, Freedom, Remembrance, John, Restore, daughter Increase, wife Abigail. No executor. Witnesses Hugh Dickman, Judah Allen. Administrator's bond of Abigail Lippincott with William Shattock and Francis Burden. [19]

1686/87 On 3 February, a survey was made in East Jersey for A. Lippincott ("Widow"). 50 Acres by right of C. Sheriffe. Includes 2 tracts bordering lands of S. Dennes; John and Jacob Lippincott, [Warrant Date: 13 Aug 1686] 150 acres [20]. Passequaneckqua (Monmouth County; by Manesquan brook; Passequanecque brook) [21]. Abigail Lippincott surveyed 150 acres. [22]

1697 June 28. Will of Abigail, widow of Richard Lippencott of Shrewsberry. Grandson John, son of son John Lippencott; widow and children of son Freedom, whose eldest son Samuel is excepted; granddaughters Abigail, Sybiah and Rachell, daughters of daughter Increase and her husband Samuel Dennis; sons Restore Lippencott, Remembrance Lippencott; Friends' Meeting at Shrewsberry Real and personal estate (slaves.) Executors John Hance, William Worth and William Shattock. Witnesses George Curtis, William Shattock, Ann Lippencott, Margarett Lippencott. Proved Aug. 24, 1697. [23] [24]

1697 Aug. 28. Letters testimonial with preceding will annexed issued to the executors named. [25]

1698 On 26 October, Remembrance Lippincott and other executors sold land, adjacent to Samuel Dennis, from the estate of Abigail Lippincott. [26]

The births of the children of Richard and Abigaill Lippincott were recorded in Quaker records, perhaps a transcription from a previous record. [27]:

Remembrance Lippincott was born at Dorchester on the 15th d 1 mo ?
John Lippincott was born at ?stow New England on the 7 of month 8, 16?
Restore Lippincott was born at Plymouth on the 3d, 5 month, 165?
Freedom Lippincott was born at Stonehouse old England on ye 1, month 7, 165?
Increase Lippincott his daughter was born at Stonehouse on ye 5, month 10, 1657
Jacob Lippincott was born at Stonehouse on ye 11th, month 3, 1660
Preserve Lippincott was born at RodeILand 25th, month 12 1663

A biosketch reports [28]:

The Lippincotts in America are all descended from Richard and Abigail Lippincott, who removed from Devonshire, England, in 1639, and settled at Dorchester, near Boston, New England. Having been excommunicated from the " church" for non-conformity (withdrawing from the communion), and suffering much from Puritanical oppression, Richard Lippincott returned with his family to England, and resided at Plymouth in 1653, and early thereafter became a member of the religious Society of Friends, then emerging from the various sects around them, and in consequence endured much persecution for the testimony of a good conscience. On the 20th of January, 1660, he with other Friends was taken from the meeting-house at Plymouth and committed to prison by Oliver Creely, mayor. How long he remained in prison we have no account. In 1663 he emigrated to Rhode Island, where he resided for several years, and finally, in 1669, established him self at Shrewsbury, Monmouth Co., N. J., in which place he was the largest landed proprietor among the patentees of the new colony. He was a consistent and exemplary Friend, accompanying George Fox during his religious visit in this country, and a man of character and influence. A short time previous to his death, which occurred 9th month (November, old style) 25, 1683, he purchased of John Fenwick one thousand acres of land in Shrewsbury Neck, upon which some of his descendants now live. His widow, Abigail, died in 1697, leaving a " considerable" estate, having given freedom to all her slaves before her death, which fact is worthy of record. The name of Lippincott was derived from Lovecote, which is described in the Domesday Book, or census made by order of William the Conqueror in 1086 of lands held by Edward the Confessor in 1041-66. This Saxon name implies that it proprietor named Loveheld the house, cote, and lands, hence called Lovecote, which name was probably already ancient. Surnames were not settled until about this date, and hence Lovecote, Loughwyngcote, Lyvenscott, Luffingcott, Luppingcott, through which variations it has descended to become fixed in Lippincott during the last two centuries, and is undoubtedly of great antiquity.

A biosketch reports [29]:

Richard and Abigail Lippincott arrived from Plymouth, Devonshire, England, in 1639 and settled at Dorchester near Boston. They returned to England in 1653 where they joined the Society of Friends. Richard Lippincott was imprisoned for preaching "that Christ was the Word of God and the Scriptures the declaration of the Mind of God." They returned to America in 1663 and settled in Rhode Island. In 1669 or possibly a year or two earlier they moved to Shrewsbury, New Jersey. Richard Lippincott was the largest share holder of a group of Friends who took up a large tract of land in that section and migrated from New England probably because of the persecutions which they suffered by the Puritans. Their children were Remembrance, John, Abigail, Restore, Freedom, Increase, Jacob and Preserve.

The Burlington County Lippincotts are descended from Restore and Freedom. Restore married Hannah Shattock of Boston and settled in Northampton Township and Freedom married Mary Curtis at Burlington in 1680 and settled in Wihingborough. The following memorandum of deed dated May 8th, 1684, seems to indicate clearly that Freedom. and Mary first settled on the northern side of the Creek and not on the southern where Bridgeboro now stands as stated in several old accounts:Thomas Ollive, merchant, sold to Freedom Lippincott, yeoman, both of Wellingborough 200 acres in West Jersey. The record of this survey reads, for Freedom Lippincott 200 acres on Northampton River and Mill Creek along Thomas Eves' land including six acres of meadow land on said river. This tract was located on the north side of the Rancocas about one mile above the road leading from Bridgeboro to Burlington. In Second month, 1687, he located 288 8/9 acres near Pomsokin (Pensauken) Creek in the neighborhood of Evesboro. His son, Freedom, settled on this tract. Thomas Lippincott, who married Mary flames on Tenth month 19th, 1711, purchased 1034 acres of land in Chester Township.

A biosketch reports [30]:

The name of Lippincott is one of the oldest of the English surnames of local origin, having been traced back to the "Lovecote" of the Domesday Book of William the Conqueror, compiled in 1080. The place still bears its ancient name and is an estate lying near Hinghampton, Devonshire, England. Its earliest known derivative occurs in the name of Roger de Lovecote, who is recorded in the rolls of the king's court of the time of King John, 1195. In 1274, in the reign of Edward 1, the names of Jordanus de Loginggetot and Robertus de Lyvenscot and Thomas de Lufkote appear in the Hundred Rolls; while the manor of Luffincott, now in the parish of that name, on the west border of Devonshire, and twenty miles distant from Lovecote, and an estate comprising nearly one thousand acres, was in 1243 the property of Robert de Lughencot, and remained in his family until 1415, the property being also described in 1346 as "pertaining to Robert de Lyvenscot." Another branch of the family resided at Webworthy. pronounced "Wibbery," in northwestern Devon, where they held extensive estates for three hundred and fifty years. The name in this case is spelt Luppingcott and Luppincott. Of this line the last was Henry Luppincott, who lived at Barcelona, Spain, and died in 1779. A branch of this family removed from Webworthy to Sidbury in East Devon about the middle of the sixteenth century, and from them was descended Henry Lippincott, who became a distinguished merchant of Bristol, was made a baronet in 1778 by King George III, and through his son Sir Robert Gann Lippincott, baronet, became the ancestor of Robert Cann Lippincott and his sons Robert C. Cann Lippincott and Henry Cann Lippincott, whose descendants are probably the only living male representatives of this ancient branch of the family in England. The residence of this branch of the family is at Overcourt, near Bristol.

That the Lippincotts of England held a good position in the world is evidenced by the numerous coats-of-arms granted to them, no less than eight coats appearing to have been bestowed upon gentlemen of the name, some of them almost if not quite as early as 1420, in which year John Lippingcott, of Wibbery, is found bearing his, from which by modification several of the later coats seem to be derived. Another arms, which diverges widely from the rest, and was most probably granted as early as the Crusades to one whose name was spelt Luffyngcotte, is thus described: "A black eagle, sprinkled with drops of blood and displayed upon a shield of silver." In still another branch of the Devonshire Lippincotts the name appears to have gone through the trans formations of Leppingote, Leppingcotte, Leppyncott, and Lippincott, and according to the latest authorities it is from this branch that the American Lippingcotts are descended although the earlier authorities favor one of the other lines.

Richard Lippincott, the founder of the family in New Jersey and Pennsylvania, although belonging to a branch of the family of his contemporaries and fellow-believers of too mild and peaceable a disposition to be either happy or contented amidst the conditions that prevailed in England during the latter years of the reign of Charles I, in consequence associated himself at an early date with the settlers of the colony of Massachusetts Bay, and taking up his residence at Dorchester he became a member of the church there, and April 1, 1640, was chosen to one of the town offices, being made freeman by the court of Boston, May 13, 1640. Here his eldest son was born and was baptized September, 1641. A few years later, however, he removed to Boston where his second son and eldest daughter were born and their baptisms entered on the records of the First Church at Boston; in the entry of the son the father being noted as "a member of the church at Dorchester." This baptism was November 10, 1644. Even New England Puritanism, however, was of too militant a character for Richard Lippincott, and he began to differ more and more from his brethren of the church in regard to some of their religious doctrines, and so tenacious of his opinions was he that on July 6, 1651, he was formally excommunicated. About a year later, in 1652, Richard Lippincott returned to England in the hope that under the Commonwealth he might find a greater degree of religious liberty than was obtainable among his fellow-colonists in Massachusetts. That to some extent at least his hopes were gratified seems evident from the name of his third son, Restore or Restored, who was born at Plymouth, England, in the following year, 1652, as there can be no doubt that he received his name in commemoration of his father's restoration to his native land and to the communion of more congenial spirits. Just what Richard Lippincott's religious views at this time were can only be a matter of conjecture, but they evidently harmonized more or less with those of George Fox and his adherents as shortly after his return to England he became a member of the Society of Friends, and soon after his profession of faith became a partaker with his fellow believers in their sufferings for their principles and in the persecutions to which they were subjected. In February, 1655, while he was residing at Plymouth, Devonshire, the mayor of that town caused his arrest and imprisonment in the town jail near the castle of Exeter, his offense being it would appear that he had made the assertion that "Christ was the word of God and the Scriptures a declaration of the mind of God." Several months later, in May, 1655, according to Sewell's History of the Quakers, he, with others, testified against the acts of the mayor and the falsehood of the charges brought against them. In commemorarion of this release from imprisonment he named his next son, born that same year, Freedom. The following few years seem to have been comparatively quiet ones with him, the only noteworthy events in his life being his making of a home for himself and family at Stonehouse, near Plymouth, and the birth of his daughter Increase in 1657, and of his son Jacob in 1660. In this last mentioned year he was again imprisoned by the mayor of Plymouth for his faithfulness to his religious convictions, being arrested by the officers at and taken from a meeting of Friends in that city. His release was brought by the solicitations of Margaret Fell and others whose efforts in behalf of imprisoned Friends were so influential with the newly restored King Charles II as to obtain the liberation of many. In comparison with this treatment in Boston, Richard Lippincott's experiences in Plymouth were such that he at length determined to make another trial of the new world, and once more bidding farewell to his native land he sailed again for New England in 1661 or 1662, and took up his residence in Rhode Island, which he found to be Baptist colony very tolerant of varied forms of belief. Here his youngest son, Preserved, was born in 1663, and received his name in commemoration of his father's preservation from persecution and from the perils of the deep. le is a curious fact that, omitting the name of his third child, Abigail, who lived only a few weeks, the names of the children of Richard and Abigail Lippincott, taken in the order of their birth, form the words of a prayer, which needs only the addition of another son, called Israel, to be complete, thus: Remember John, Restore Freedom, Increase Jacob, and Preserve (Israel). Whether this arrangement was accidental or was due to a premeditated design cannot be determined; it is probably a coincidence, as although in strict accordance with the ways in fashion among the Puritans of that day, so complete an arrangement as this is extremely rare.

In the Rhode Island colony each of the settlements was at first regarded as an independent establishment; but in 1642 it was determined to seek a patent from England, and Roger Williams having gone to the mother country for that purpose, obtained in 1644, through the influence of the Earl of Warwick, a charter from Parliament uniting the settlements as the "Incorporation of Providence plantations in the Narragansett Bay in New England." Complete religious toleration was granted together with the largest measure of political freedom, but owing to jealousies and exaggerated ideas of individual importance, the settlements did not become really united until 1654 and it was nine years later that they sought and obtained their charter of "Rhode Island and the Providence plantations," from King Charles II, which served as the constitution of the colony and state down to 1843. In the following year, 1664, the Dutch Colony of New Netherland came into the possession of the English, and the next year, 1665, an association was formed at Newport, Rhode Island, to purchase lands from the Indians, and a patent was granted to them. This movement had been initiated by the people of Gravesend, Long Island, but the residents of Newport were considerably in the majority and the success of the movement is mainly due to them and to their efforts in raising the greater part of the money to pay the Indians for their land and in inducing persons to settle on it. Of the eighty-three Newport subscribers who contributed towards buying the Monmouth county, New Jersey, lands from the Indians and towards defraying the incidental expenses in treating with the natives, Richard Lippincott gave by far the largest subscription, £16, 10 shillings, which was more than twice that of any other contributor except Richard Borden, whose amount was £11, 10 shillings. The first deed from the Indians is dated March 25, 1665, and is for the lands at Nevesink, from the sachem Popomora and his brother Mishacoing to James Hubbard, John Bowne, John Tilton, junior, Richard Stout, William Goulding and Samuel Spicer, for and on behalf of the other subscribers. April 7, 1665, Popomora and his brother went over to New York and acknowledged the deed before Governor Nicolls, and the official copy is in the office of the secretary of state, New York, liber 3, page 1. Another copy is preserved in the records of the proprietors of East Jersey at Perth Amboy, where there is also a map of the land embraced in the purchase, while still a third copy may be found in the office of the secretary of state at Trenton. Two other deeds followed and on April 8, 1665, Governor Nicolls signed the noted Monmouth patent, one of the conditions of which was "that the said Patentees and their associates, their heirs or assigns, shall within the space of three years, beginning from the day of the date hereof, manure and plant the aforesaid land and premises and settle there one hundred families at the least." The reason for the founding of the Monmouth settlements is given in the patent as the establishment of "free liberty of Conscience without any molestation or disturbance whatsoever in the way of worship." In accordance with the terms of this patent, Richard Lippincott and his family removed from Rhode Island to Shrewsbury, New Jersey, among the earliest settlers of the place. With him went also a number of other members of the Society of Friends and they at once formed themselves into the Shrewsbury Meeting, which for a long time met at Richard Lippincott's house. He nimself was one of the most active of the Friends in the meeting and he was also one of the most prominent in all public matters. In 1667 the inhabitants of Middletown, Shrewsbury and other settlements included under the Monmouth patent, found themselves so far advanced, with dwellings erected and lands cleared that they had opportunity to take measures to establish a local government. Their grant from Nicolls authorized them to "pass such prudential laws as they deemed advisable" and as early as June, 1667, they held an assembly for that purpose at Portland Point, now called Highlands. On December 14 following another assembly was held at Shrewsbury; and although Governor Carteret and his council considered these assemblies as irregular they are nevertheless the first legislative bodies that ever met in New Jersey. This "General Assembly of the Patentees and Deputies" continued to meet for many years and its original proceedings are still preserved. In 1669 Richard Lippincott was elected a member of the governor's council as one of the representatives from Shrewsbury, but being unwilling to take the cath of allegiance unless it contained a proviso guaranteeing the patent rights of the Monmouth towns he was not allowed to take his scat. In the following year, 1670, he was elected by the town as an associate patentee, one of the "five or seven other persons of the ablest and discreetest of said inhabitants" who joined with the original patentees formed the assembly above mentioned, which according to Nicoll's patent had full power "to make such peculiar and prudential laws and constitutions amongst the inhabitants for the better and more orderly governing of them," as well as "liberty to try all causes and actions of debt and trespass arising amongst the inhabitants to the value of £10." In 1676 the governor's council passed a law providing that any town sending deputies who "refused on their arrival to take the necessary oaths," should be liable to a fine of £10; consequently Richard Lippincott who was chosen to represent his town in 1677, did not attend, and as a result the council passed another act fining any member who absented himself, ten shillings for each day's absence. In 1670 the first meeting for worship was established by the Friends; and in 1672 this was visited by George Fox who was entertained during his stay by Richard Lippincott. His residence was on Passequeneiqua creek, a branch of South Shrewsbury river, three-fourths of a mile northeast of the house of his son-in-law, Samuel Dennis, which stood three-fourths of a mile east of the town of Shrewsbury. Soon after this Richard Lippincott made another and final voyage to England, where he was in 1675 when John Fenwick was preparing to remove to West Jersey; and on August 9, 1676, he obtained from Fenwick a patent for one thousand acres of land in his colony, which he probably purchased as a land speculation since neither he nor his children ever occupied any part of it. May 21, 1679, Richard Lippincott divided this plantation into five equal parts, giving to each of his sons a two hundred acre tract. Having at length found a fixed place of residence where he could live in peace and prosperity, Richard Lippincott settled down to "an active and useful life in the midst of a worthy family, in the possession of a sufficient estate, and happy in the enjoyment of religious and political freedom." Here he passed the last eighteen years of his life of varied experiences, and here he died November 25, 1683.

Two days before his death Richard Lippincott made his will and acknowledged it before Joseph Parker, justice of the peace. January 2 following his widow, Abigail Lippincott, gave her bond as administratrix, her fellow bondsman being her son's father-in-law, William Shattock, and Francis Borden. There seems, however, to have been some irregularity in the will or its provisions, particularly in omitting mention of an excutor; for on the day when the widow gave her bond. Governor Thomas Rudyard issued a warrant or commission to Joseph Parker, John Hans (Hance) and Eliakim Wardell "or any two of them, to examine Abigail, the widow of Richard Lippincott, as to her knowledge of any other last will made by her husband." An endorsement on the will, dated May 21, 1684, states that the "said Abigail has no knowledge of any other will and that she will faithfully administer the estate." The inventory of the personal estate, £428, 2 shillings, including debts due £30, and negro servants £60, was made by Eliakim Wardell, William Shattock, Francis Borden and Joseph Parker.

The Dutch proprietors of New Amsterdam had long been engaged in the slave trade and at the surrender to the English in 1664 the colony contained many slaves, some of whom were owned by Friends. As early as 1652 members of this society at Warwick, Rhode Island, passed a law requiring all slaves to be liberated after ten years service as was the manner with the English servants, who, however, had to serve but four years. In 1683 the court at Shrewsbury passed a law against trading in slaves. These are the earliest known instances of legislation in behalf of negro emancipation. Richard Lippincott was the owner of a number of slaves; and in her will, dated June 28, 1697, and proved August 7 following, his widow, Abigail Lippincott. frees most of them besides leaving to her children and grandchildren much real estate and considerable bequests in money.

See, also [31].


[1] George DeCou, The Historic Rancocas (1949), 230, [GoogleBooks].

[2] John Clement, Sketches of the first emigrant settlers in Newton Township, Old Gloucester County, West New Jersey (Camden, NJ: Sinnickson Chew, 1877), 379, of 377-85, [HathiTrust], [InternetArchive].

[3] Richard Haines, George Haines, Charles Stokes. Genealogy of the Stokes Family (1903), 9, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks].

[4] George DeCou, The Historic Rancocas (1949), 230, [GoogleBooks].

[5] Richard Haines, George Haines, Charles Stokes. Genealogy of the Stokes Family (1903), 9, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks].

[6] William H. Whitmore and William S. Appleton, eds., Dorchester Town Records, 3rd ed. (Boston, Rockwell and Churchill, 1896), 42, [HathiTrust].

[7] George DeCou, The Historic Rancocas (1949), 230, [GoogleBooks].

[8] Richard Haines, George Haines, Charles Stokes. Genealogy of the Stokes Family (1903), 9, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks].

[9] George DeCou, The Historic Rancocas (1949), 230, [GoogleBooks].

[10] John E. Stillwell, The old Middletown town book, 1667 to 1700; The records of Quaker marriages at Shrewsbury, 1667 to 1731; The burying grounds of old Monmouth. (1906), 67, [HathiTrust].

[11] George DeCou, The Historic Rancocas (1949), 230, [GoogleBooks].

[12] Orra Eugene Monnette, First Settlers of ye Plantations of Piscataway and Woodbridge, Olde East New Jersey, Part One (Los Angeles: Leroy Carman Press, 1930), 54, [GoogleBooks], [GoogleBooks].

[13] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 21. (Patents and Deeds, 1664-1703) (1899), 567, Salem Deeds, Liber B, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[14] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 23. (Wills and Administrations 1, 1670-1730) (1901), 294, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[15] USGenWeb Archives, [USGenWeb].

[16] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 23. (Wills and Administrations 1, 1670-1730) (1901), 294, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[17] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 23. (Wills and Administrations 1, 1670-1730) (1901), 294, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[18] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 23. (Wills and Administrations 1, 1670-1730) (1901), 294, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[19] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 21. (Patents and Deeds, 1664-1703) (1899), 80, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[20] New Jersey State Archives, Colonial Land Surveys and Warrants, 1670-1727 (online database), citing Book B; folio 114, [NJ_State_Archives].

[21] New Jersey State Archives, Colonial Land Surveys and Warrants, 1670-1727 (online database), citing L: Folio 140 [PEASJ003], [NJ_State_Archives].

[22] John E. Stillwell, Historical and Genealogical Miscellany, Vol. 2 (1906), 390, [HathiTrust], [InternetArchive].

[23] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 23. (Wills and Administrations 1, 1670-1730) (1901), 293, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[24] USGenWeb Archives, [USGenWeb].

[25] William Nelson, Documents relating to the Colonial History of the State of New Jersey. Archives Vol. 21. (Patents and Deeds, 1664-1703) (1899), 270, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks], [InternetArchive].

[26] Richard S. Hutchinson, East New Jersey Land Records, 1702-1717, Books H, I, and Little K (Lewes, Delaware: Colonial Roots, 2008), 18, citing deed H-107.

[27] Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935, Abstracts of Marriages, Births, Deaths of Shrewsbury Meeting (Monmouth County, New Jersey), 131, [AncestryRecord], [AncestryImage].

[28] Major E. M. Woodward and John Hageman, History of Burlington and Mercer Counties, New Jersey (Philadelphia: Everts & Peck, 1883), 221, [HathiTrust].

[29] George Decou, Moorestown and Her Neighbors, Historical Sketches (1973), 134, [GoogleBooks].

[30] Francis Bazley Lee, ed., Genealogical and Memorial History of the State of New Jersey, Vol. 2 (1910), 531-538, [HathiTrust], [GoogleBooks].

[31] Mary Depue Ogden, ed., Memorial Cyclopedia of New Jersey, Vol. 4 (1921), 229, [InternetArchive].