I will teach this course again in fall 2017.
The Urban & Regional Planning Program is updating its course numbering system this summer, so the new course number will be URP 500 - Plng Thry Policy.
We will meet TuTh 9:00AM - 10:30AM (in 2210 A&AB).
first class: Tuesday, September 5, 2017.

last year's syllabus is listed below. HERE is the link to the current course syllabus.


TuTh 9:00 am - 10:30 am
2210 Art & Arch Building

Writing Instructor: Prof. Julie Steiff (2208K A&AB) office hours are by appointment: jsteiff@umich.edu
GSI: Matan Singer: mesinger@umich.edu
office hours: Tuesdays: 12:30-1:30 pm (in 2208J)

optional discussion session: alternate Thursdays (1:30-2:30 pm; in 2208)

Class tumblr blogs (with images):

public space images
arguments for/against planning
suburban futures

updated:  Friday, January 12, 2024 1:18 PM

course overview
discussion hour
planning history timeline
central questions of planning
debates in planning theory
terms and concepts
other theory readings
writing advice
Canvas site (for readings)
Coda: globalizing the curriculum
MUP student F.A.Q.
exam study guide

UP540 Planning Theory (Fall 2016)
Prof. Scott D. Campbell

College of Architecture and Urban Planning
University Of Michigan
office hours sign-up (via google calendar)
office:  2225C A&AB
class listserv (only class members can send and receive messages): UP-540-001-FA2016-A@courses.umich.edu

Readings 4 formats:

(1) Canvas [articles in "Modules" (sorted by topic) and in "Files" (sorted A-Z); authentication required];
(2) ebrary (online books via UM Library)
(3) available directly on the www [links provided]
(4) printed texts (several also available via ebrary)



September October November December
6 8 13 15* 20 22 27 29 4 6 11 13 18 20 25 27 1 3 8 10 15 17 22 24 29 1 6 8 13
intro big ideas city in film urban history/planning history modernist debates social justice & sustainability why plan? writing for planning planning styles metropolitan scale   future/global final week


READINGS FOR SEMESTER. [Subject to some updates]
If citation has no online link or is not from an assigned textbook, then the reading is available through Canvas. The reading list includes both required and recommended (optional) texts.


A few readings and links on learning, teaching, writing, graduate school (recommended readings)

Steve Kolowich. 2014. Confuse Students to Help Them Learn. The Chronicle of Higher Education (online). August 14. [link]
on writing, citations & academic integrity [link] see also this Rackham link on academic integrity, their Guide to Campus and Community, and their other publications
new MUP student F.A.Q.
UM created the country's first university Center for Research on Learning and Teaching (CRLT). See, in particular, their useful pages on "student learning."
UM Library Research Guide: Urban and Regional Planning (AAEL Library across the street in the Duderstadt)

Sep 6: Course Introduction

see also (useful as an introduction to planning):
Frank, Nancy. 2002. Rethinking Planning Theory for a Master's-Level Curriculum. Journal of Planning Education and Research 21 (3):320-330.
Cullingworth, Barry, and Roger W. Caves. "The Nature of Planning," in Planning in the USA: Policies, Issues, and Processes, 2nd edition. New York: Routledge, 2003, pp. 5-26.


Sep 8: Leitmotifs in Planning Theory (the shift from the rural to the urban; the meaning and function of cities; the separation of space and community; the persistent economic advantage of cities)

Simmel, Georg. "The Metropolis and Mental Life," in The Sociology of Georg Simmel, translated by Kurt H. Wolff Glencoe: The Free Press, 1950, pp. 409-424.
Mumford, Lewis, ‘What Is a City?’
Webber, Melvin ‘The Post-City Age’
Glaeser, Edward L. "Why Economists Still Like Cities." City Journal, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1996, pp. 70-77.
Gimein, Mark. 2016. Why the High-Cost of Big City Living is Bad for Everyone," The New Yorker, August 25. [link] [also in Canvas]
Lehmann, Nicholas, "Get out of Town: Has the Celebration of Cities Gone to Far?" The New Yorker, Jun 27, 2011

see also:
Louis Wirth, ‘Urbanism as a Way of Life’

(read every article carefully beforehand; be ready to discuss and to debate)


Sep 13: Leitmotifs in Planning Theory (climate and livable cities; religion and the city; can cities be "solved"?)

Arsenault, Raymond. 1984. "The End of the Long Hot Summer: The Air Conditioner and Southern Culture." The Journal of Southern History 50 (4):597-628.
Kolbert, Elizabeth. 2015. The Siege of Miami. The New Yorker, Dec. 21.
Kotkin, Joel. 2005. The Urban Future. In LeGates, Richard and Frederic Stout, eds. 2007. The City Reader (4th edition). Routledge.
Lehrer, Jonah, 2010, A Physicist Solves the City (The New York Times).pdf
Bettencourt and West, A unified theory of urban living, Nature
Rittel, Horst W.J., and Melvin M. Webber. 1973. Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. Policy Sciences 4:155-169.

(read every article carefully beforehand; be ready to discuss and to debate)

see also:
Moira Zellner & Scott Campbell. Planning for deep-rooted problems: What can we learn from aligning complex systems and wicked problems? Planning Theory & Practice 16(4), 2015.
Bettencourt, Luís M. A., José Lobo, Deborah Strumsky, Geoffrey B. West, 2010, Urban Scaling and Its Deviations: Revealing the Structure of Wealth, Innovation and Crime across Cities, PLoS ONE (www.plosone.org) 1 November 2010 | Volume 5 | Issue 11 | e1354.
Teitz, Michael B. "American Planning in the 1990s: Evolution, Debate and Challenge." Urban Studies, Vol. 33, No. 4/5, May 1996, pp. 649-671.
Teitz, Michael B. "American Planning in the 1990s: Part II, The Dilemma of the Cities." Urban Studies, Vol. 34, No. 5/6, May 1997, pp. 775-796.
Buruma, I., & Margalit, A. (2004). Occidentalism : the West in the eyes of its enemies. New York: Penguin Press. (Chapter: "The Occidental City", pp. 13-48.)


Sep 15: The City in Film

[Note: since many students will likely miss this session due to the Expanded Horizons trip Sept 14-17, I have scheduled an entertaining session for those students who will be in town: excerpts from several films on cities + informal discussion. I welcome your suggestions on films. I will poll the class to find out how many of you will be on Expanded Horizons.]

Possible films shown in class (excerpts):

  • The City (1939; 32 minutes; Commentary:  Lewis Mumford:  music;  Aaron Copeland; American Institute of Planners/Civic Films, Inc.). link
  • Charley in New Town (1948, 8 minutes; “COI Presents” / “Central Office of Information”, UK) link, more info
  • The Dynamic American City (1956, 28 minutes; US Chamber of Commerce) link + link (in two parts)
  • Give yourself the Green Light (1954, 24 minutes; General Motors Corp./Handy Jam Corp.) link
  • House in the Middle, The (1954, 12 minutes; National Paint, Varnish and Lacquer Association; Sponsor: National Clean Up-Paint Up-Fix Up Bureau. Produced with the cooperation of the Federal Civil Defense Administration.) link
  • The Fifth Element (1997) [info from IMDB]
  • Blade Runner (1982) [info from IMDB]

Other possibilities:

graphic 20TH CENTURY Planning History: from garden cities to modernism

Sep 20: The Garden City as the Marriage of Town and Country (examples: Letchworth, Welwyn, Radburn)

first, read about the garden city in Ebenezer Howard's own words (originally published in 1898 as To-Morrow: a peaceful path to real reform, republished in 1902 as Garden Cities of To-Morrow).
arrowno need to read the entire book -- though short -- but do read enough to get a sense of both the goals and the specific features of Garden Cities. (e.g., these sections are a good start: Introduction, I-II, XII-XIII.)

Several sources:

  • the 1902 edition (London, S. Sonnenschein & co., ltd.): HathiTrust link; or at archive.org. Also try google books link.
  • or the 1965 MIT Press edition. [google book link]
  • see also an excerpt at at John Rep's Cornell site.
  • I also uploaded a full-text copy into Canvas

second, read these interpretations/critiques of Howard:, I-II
Hall, Peter.  2002.  Cities of Tomorrow.  (Chs. 1-4) 
Ruth Eckdish Knack, "Garden Cities"
Garvin, Alexander. 1998. Are Garden Cities Still Relevant? In Revolutionary Ideas in Planning?Proceedings of the 1988 National Planning Conference. Boston: AICP Press.

optional/further reading and context:
a chronology of planning history [useful to follow the sequencing of events, ideas, movements]
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives (hypertext)
Planned Communities / New Towns (George Mason U.)
Utopia - The Search for the Ideal Society (NY Public Library)
H-Utopia Discussion Group
Society for Utopian Studies
on Edward Bellamy's Looking Backward
video: "LETCHWORTH - A Potted History" (BBC "One Show", ca. 2009)



Sep 22: City Beautiful Movement: Daniel Burnham, the 1893 World Columbian Exposition (Chicago), and the 1909 Plan of Chicago

Hall, Ch. 6; 
Wilson, "The Glory, Destruction, and Meaning of the City Beautiful Movement,"

Background information on the Columbian Exposition of 1893:
Chicago Historical Society: The World's Columbian Exposition
Encyclopedia of Chicago: World's Columbian Exposition
IIT: The World's Columbian Exposition of 1893
University of Virginia: "Idea, Experience, Aftermath"
Gilbert, James Burkhart. 1991. Perfect cities: Chicago's utopias of 1893. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Chapter 4: "First City: Form and Fantasy"

Background information on Burnham's 1909 Plan of Chicago (including several alternative links to the original 1909 plan):
Encyclopedia of Chicago: The Plan of Chicago • or the HathiTrust version
Commercial Club of Chicago, David Hudson Burnham, Edward H. Bennett, and Charles Moore. 1909. Plan of Chicago. Chicago,: The Commercial Club. [link] • alternative site: Plan of Chicago (1909) "The Burnham Plan"
Smith, Carl. 2006. Plan of Chicago : Daniel Burnham and the Remaking of the American City. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press. [Ch 9] [ebrary]
The Burnham Plan Centennialmultimediathe Plan of Chicago"Make Big Plans" Exhibit [note: this is a great site worth exploring!]
Art Institute of Chicago: Chicago Looks Ahead: 100 Years of Planning, 1909–2009An Online Exhibition of the Plan of Chicago

other background information:
Chicago Public Library: Chicago HistoryChronological history of Chicago (timeline)
UVA's "The Capitol Project:  "City Beautiful" and "the 1901 Plan for Washington, D.C."
Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr.  "The City Beautiful,"  The Builder (July 7, 1911):15-17. 
Erik Larson. 2003. The Devil in the White City: Murder, Magic, and Madness at the Fair That Changed America - Crown Pub. [NOT on reserve, but on the best-seller lists]
for a perspective on contemporary Chicago, see Koval, John P., Bennett, Larry, and Bennett, Michael, eds. New Chicago : A Social and Cultural Analysis. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Temple University Press, 2006. [ebrary]
Moore, Charles (1921). Daniel H. Burnham, architect, planner of cities. Boston and New York,: Houghton Mifflin company. [link]
Encyclopedia of Chicago • PBS American Experience Series: Chicago - City of the Century

Note: Where is there a piece of the 1893 Columbian Exposition on the UM campus? answer

Discussion Session: Thursday Sept 22, 1-2pm in the 2208 space.


Sep 27: The Legacy of Modernist Planning and Architecture

Hall, Ch. 7
Le Corbusier, ‘A Contemporary City’
Mumford, Lewis. 1986. "Yesterday's City of Tomorrow." In The Lewis Mumford reader. New York: Pantheon Books.
Wright, Frank Lloyd. 1935. Broadacre City: A New Community Plan. In LeGates, Richard and Frederic Stout, eds. 2007. The City Reader (4th edition). Routledge.
Fishman, Robert. 1982. "Conclusion," in Urban Utopias in the Twentieth Century. New York, NY: Basic Books, pp. 265 - 277

see also:
Glazer, Nathan. "The Social Agenda of Architecture," in From a Cause to a Style. Princeton, 2007, pp. 271-292.
Glazer, Nathan. "The Public's Image of the Profession," in The Profession of City Planning: Changes, Images, and Challenges, edited by Lloyd Rodwin and Bishwapriya Sanyal. New Jersey: Center for Urban Policy Research, 2000, pp. 224-230. [citations updated]
James C. Scott, 1998. "Authoritarian High Modernism", in Seeing Like a State : How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. New Haven: Yale University Press. [Ebooks]
Ellin, Nan. 1999. Themes of Postmodern Urbanism. In Postmodern urbanism. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. (excerpt: "Themes of Postmoderm Urbanism")
Loos, Adolf, and Adolf Opel. 1998. Ornament and crime : selected essays, Studies in Austrian literature, culture, and thought. Riverside, Calif.: Ariadne Press. (Chapter: 29: Ornament and Crime).
Sandercock, Leonie, "Mongrel Cities,"
Sharon Zukin, Changing Landscapes of Power: Opulence and the Urge for Authenticity.
Kaika, Maria, and Erik Swyngedouw. "Fetishizing the Modern City: The Phantasmagoria of Urban Technological Networks." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 24, No. 1, March 2000, pp. 120-138.
Harvey, David. 1992. "Social Justice, Postmodernism and the City." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 16 (4):588-601.
Campbell, Scott, "Is 'Progress' No Longer Progressive? Reclaiming the Ideology of Progress in Planning," pdf file
Wampole, Christy. 2012. "How to Live Without Irony," The New York Times, November 17. link [that suggests a link between the post-modern stance and the shortcomings of irony]
Jonathan Glancey. 2015. Is this the Perfect City? History is full of failed attempts to create the ideal town. Is it possible to buck the trend? BBC News. Dec 11. [link]

New York World's Fair (1939): To New Horizons (1940) • The Middleton Family at the New York World's Fair (1939)The Shock of the New (Robert Hughes, 1980), Episode 4: Trouble in Utopia (including sections on Philip Johnson, Le Corbusier, the Bauhaus, and Brasilia)

      Essay One due Sep 30

Sep 29: Public Space, Public Interest and Privatization

Margaret Kohn, The Mauling of Public Space.
Tim Love, Urban design after Battery Park City.
Whyte, William H. "The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces," in The Public Face of Architecture: Civic Culture and Public Spaces. New York: Free Press, 1987, pp. 292-310.
Smith, Neil. 2002. "New Globalism, New Urbanism: Gentrification as Global Urban Strategy." Antipode 34 (3):427. [new reading -- in Canvas]
Michael Sorkin, "The End(s) of Urban Design," in Saunders, William S. Krieger, Alex (eds), Urban Design. Minneapolis, US: University of Minnesota Press, 2009. (available both in ebrary and in Canvas).

see also:
Margaret Crawford, Blurring the Boundaries: Public Space and Private Life. [top be added to Canvas]
Donald McNeill, The 'Bilbao Effect'. [top be added to Canvas]
Trevor Boddy, Overhead and Underground.
view the video by William H. Whyte, "Social Life of Small Urban Places," video link [updated]: a planning classic and Whyte's narrative is wry and insightful.

please post an image of public space and view images and captions provided by other students. Each student should post at least one image (with caption + source) before Thursday's class (Sep 29). [for instructions to log into tumblr, see class email]

Oct 4 - 6: Two Visions of Postwar American Cities: Robert Moses and Jane Jacobs

Oct 4: Robert Moses

Berman, Marshall. 1988. All That is Solid Melts into Air. New York: Penguin. (excerpt)
Cleveland Rodgers (1939).  "Robert Moses:  An Atlantic Portrait,"  The Atlantic Monthly.
Gratz, Roberta Brandes. "Introduction," in The Battle for Gotham : New York in the Shadow of Robert Moses and Jane Jacobs. New York, US: Nation Books, 2010. [ebrary] [newly added]
[see also the links below to get a richer sense of both Robert Moses and the context of the Moses-Jacobs debate]

Oct 6: Jane Jacobs
Jane Jacobs.  The Death and Life of Great American Cities, 1961 (Introduction; Ch. 7, "The Generators of Diversity; Ch. 21, "The kind of problem a city is")

Montgomery, Roger. 1998. "Is There Still Life in The Death and Life?" Journal of the American Planning Association 64 (3):269-274.
"The Metropolis Observed: Jane Jacobs at 81"  Metropolis online (April 1998)  [updated link]
Lloyd Rodwin. 1961. "Neighbors Are Needed " (a review of The Death and Life of Great American Cities by Jane Jacobs). New York Times, Nov. 5.

for this week, see also:
audio: speeches by Robert Moses and Jane Jacobs (Jacobs vs. Moses in WNYC's History, The Brian Lehrer Show, WNYC).
Zipp, Samuel. Manhattan Projects : The Rise and Fall of Urban Renewal in Cold War New York. Cary, GB: Oxford University Press, USA, 2010. [ebrary] (see chapters on the United Nations, Stuyvesant Town and Lincoln Square for discussion of Robert Moses)
"Robert Moses & the Modern City" (web site @ Wallach Art Gallery, Columbia University)
arrowRobert Moses (1962) "Are Cities Dead?"The Atlantic Monthly, January.
Whyte, William H. 1987. The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces. In The Public Face of Architecture: Civic Culture and Public Spaces, edited by Glazer, Nathan and Lilla, Mark. New York: Free Press.
"Godmother of the American City," Metropolis online (March 2001) [updated link]
Robert Moses:  Cross-Bronx Expressway, Triborough Bridge
Erica Pearson, "The Power Broker Revisited," Gotham Gazette, (August 18, 2003)
100 years of Times Square (NY Times)
Altshuler, Alan A., and David Luberoff "Mega-Projects and Urban Theory," in Mega-Projects: The Changing Politics of Urban Public Investment. Washington, D.C.; Cambridge, MA Brookings Institution Press; Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, 2003, pp. 45-75.
Pogrebin, Robin. 2007. Rehabilitating Robert Moses. The New York Times. January 23 html
"The Godfather of Sprawl," The Atlantic Monthly, May 26, 1999.
1953 interview with Robert Moses (video link)
"The World that Moses Built" (video link) -- highly recommended.
Nicolai Ouroussoff, 2006. "Outgrowing Jane Jacobs and Her New York," The New York Times, April 30. link
"Time for Some Jane Jacobs Revisionism?" The New York Times, November 1, 2007. link.
Documentary Movie: "The World that Moses Built" (PBS, American Experience series, 1989) link
Gratz, Roberta Brandes. 2010. Battle for Gotham : New York in the Shadow of Robert Moses and Jane Jacobs. New York, NY, USA: Nation Books.[ebrary]
Schubert, Dirk, ed. 2014. Contemporary Perspectives on Jane Jacobs. Farnham, GB: Ashgate.[ebrary]

Social Justice, SUSTAINABILITY and the City: Race, Ethnicity, Diversity, Gender

Oct 11 - 13: The Struggle for Diversity in Planning Thought and Practice

Oct 11:
June Manning Thomas, "Educating planners: unified diversity for social action", Journal of Planning Education and Research, 1996, 15: 171.
Sweet and Etienne, Commentary, Diversity in Urban Planning Education and Practice, Journal of Planning Education and Research, 2011, 31(3) 332–339 [newly added to Canvas]
Young, Iris Marion. 2000. Inclusion and democracy, Oxford political theory. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. [selection: pages 87-111 from Ch. 3, "Social Difference as Political Resource"]
please also read the section on "Race, Gender and Diversity" in the Progressive Planning Reader (Planners Network, 2004), pp. 32-48. [newly added to Canvas]

Oct 13:
Thomas, June Manning. 2008. "The Minority-Race Planner in the Quest for a Just City." Planning Theory 7 (3):227-247.
Fainstein, Susan S. 2005. "Cities and Diversity: Should We Want It? Can We Plan For It?" Urban Affairs Review 41 (1):3-19.
Umemoto, Karen. 2001. Walking in Another's Shoes: Epistemological Challenges in Participatory Planning. Journal of Planning Education and Research 21 (1):17-31.

see also:

Ruth Fincher and Kurt Iveson , Conceptualizing Recognition in Planning. (copy to be uploaded)
URP-hosted symposia on Video [via the Taubman College Vimeo channel]: "Planning in a "Post-Racial" Society (?): New Directions and Challenges" (2013)"Sustainability & Social Justice: Conflicting Urgencies" (2012)
APA Diversity Web portal
APA Diversity Task Force, Increasing Diversity in the Planning Profession: A Report on the 2004 Minority Planning Summit and Recommendation for Future Action (March 2005) American Planning Association. pdf file.
ACSP Committee on Diversity • Report on Race, Ethnicity, and Foreign Origin Data for ACSP [FIX LINKS]
Diversity Matters at Michigan (UM site with many useful links, including research)
Majora Carter: Greening the ghetto (TED Talk, Feb 2006)
Leonardo Vazquez, 2002. "Diversity and the Planning Profession," Planners Network. [link]
Planners of Color Interest Group (POCIG), Survey of Diversity and Minority Faculty Perceptions of Institutional Climate of Planning Schools (Climate Survey), Recommendations Prepared by the POCIG Policy and Advocacy Committee, 2010.
Jargowsky, Paul A. "Sprawl, Concentration of Poverty, and Urban Inequality," in Squires, Gregory D., ed. Urban Sprawl: Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses. Washington D.C.: The Urban Institute Press. 2002, pp. 39-69.
Sugrue, Thomas. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2005 (reprint). pp.180-229. (Chs. 7 and 8)
Mier, Robert. 1994. Some observations on race in planning. Journal of the American Planning Association. 60. 2 (Spring 1994): 235-240.
Harvey, David. 2009. Social Justice and the City (Revised Edition). Atlanta: University of Georgia Press. [ebrary]
Freeman, Lance. 2006. There Goes the 'Hood : Views of Gentrification from the Ground Up. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. [ebrary]
Peggy McIntosh, White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack [in Canvas] and "Beyond the Backpack" [link]
Chesler, Mark. 1997. Perceptions of Faculty Behavior by Students of Color (CRLT Occasional Paper #7).
an interesting recent "Room for Debate" at the New York Times: "The South's Enduring Conservativism" (October 2, 2012)
Jeffrey S. Lowe. Lack of Diversity in Southern Academia What Can Progressive Planners Do? Progressive Planning, No. 195 (Spring): 6-9. [link]
Trotter, Joe, Tera W. Hunter, and Earl Lewis. 2004. African American Urban Experience : Perspectives from the Colonial Period to the Present. Gordonsville, VA, USA: Palgrave Macmillan. [ebrary]

Oct 18: No Class (Fall Study Break)


Oct 20: Gender, Equity and the City

Frisch, Michael. 2002. Planning as a Heterosexist Project, Journal of Planning Education and Research 21; 254-66.
Dolores Hayden, Nurturing: Home, Mom and Apple Pie" [now in Canvas]
Micklow, Amanda, Beth Kancilia, Mildred Warner, 2015. "The Need to Plan for Women," Planning with a Gender Lens, Issue Brief, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY [link, also in Canvas]
Okin, Susan Moller, 1997. Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women? Boston Review (October 1). [link]

readings updated Oct 18

see also:

Solnit, Rebecca (2001). "Walking After Midnight: Women, Sex, and Public Place" in Wanderlust : a history of walking. London: Verso.
Spain, Daphne. (2000). How Women Saved the City. Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press. [ebrary]
Chant, Sylvia. 2013. Cities through a ''gender lens'': a golden ''urban age'' for women in the global South? Environment and Urbanization 25: 9-29.
Barbara Rahder and Carol Altilia, Where is Feminism in Planning Going? Appropriation or Transformation? Planning Theory, July 2004; vol. 3, 2: pp. 107-116.
Jacqueline Leavitt, Where's the gender in community development? Signs; Autumn 2003; 29, 1; 207-230.
Nussbaum, Martha C.  Women and human development. Ch 1 (selection): “In defense of universal values,” Cambridge University Press, 2000 [Sections I, II, IV:  pp. 39-59; 70-86]
Ann Forsyth, 2001. Sexuality and Space: Nonconformist Populations and Planning Practice, Journal of Planning Literature, Vol. 15, No. 3 (February), 339-58.
Doan, P. and H. Higgins. 2011. "The Demise of Queer Space? Resurgent Gentrification and LGBT Neighborhoods," Journal of Planning Education and Research. 31, 1: 6-25.
Massey, Doreen B. 1999. Space, Place, and Gender. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. [ebrary]
Gwendolyn Wright, Women's Aspirations and the Home: Episodes in American Feminist Reform. [link]
United Nations. Womenwatch: Gender Equality and Sustainable Urbanisation. Fact Sheet.
and a fascinating story about gender identity and the ability to go out in public places: Jenny Nordberg, "The Afghan Girls Who Live as Boys," The Atlantic, 8 Sep 2014). [link]. see also NPR "here and now": Afghan Girls Raised In Boys' Clothing. link.

      Essay Two due Friday, Oct 28

Oct 25: Theorizing the Sustainable City

Low, Nicholas and Brendan Gleeson. 1998. Justice, society, and nature: an exploration of political ecology. London; New York: Routledge. (Ch. 5 "Environmental Justice: Distributing Environmental Quality," pp. 102-132).
Campbell, Scott. 1996. "Green Cities, Growing Cities?  Ecology, Economics and the Contradictions of Urban Planning,"Journal of the American Planning Association.
Campbell, Scott. 2016. The Planner's Triangle Revisited: Sustainability and the Evolution of a Planning Ideal That Can't Stand Still, Journal of the American Planning Association, 82-4, 388-397
Hayward, Steven F. "A Sensible Environmentalism." Public Interest, Vol. 151, No. Spring, 2003, pp. 62-74.
Marcuse, Peter. 1998. Sustainability is not enough. Planners Network May (129):1-10.


see also:

Beatley, Timothy. 2012. Sustainability in Planning: The Arc and Trajectory of a Movement, in Sanyal, Bishwapriya, Vale, Lawrence J., and Rosan, Christina, eds. Planning Ideas That Matter : Livability, Territoriality, Governance, and Reflective Practice. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. pp. 333-57. [ebrary]
Campbell, Scott. Sustainable Development and Social Justice:  Conflicting Urgencies and the Search for Common Ground in Urban and Regional Planning (Michigan Journal of Sustainability, Vol 1, 2013)
Campbell, Scott. “Unsustainability as a Chronic, Manageable Disease? Alternatives to Sustainability-as-Equilibrium,” paper presented at the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning Annual Conference, Oct 22 – 25, 2015, Houston, TX.
Thomas L. Daniels (2009): A Trail Across Time: American Environmental Planning From City Beautiful to Sustainability, Journal of the American Planning Association, 75:2, 178-192
Swyngedouw, E. and N.C. Heynen, 2003. Urban Political Ecology, Justice and the Politics of Scale. Antipode: A Journal of Radical Geography. 35(5): 898-918.
Eric J. Heikkila (2011): Environmentalism with Chinese Characteristics? Urban River Revitalization in Foshan, Planning Theory & Practice, 12:01, 33-55

Rosenbloom, Sandra. 2016. "Celebrating a Special Anniversary: A Time for Reflection." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):371-373. doi: 10.1080/01944363.2016.1216221.
Schweitzer, Lisa E. 2016. "Tracing the Justice Conversation After "Green Cities, Growing Cities"." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):374-379. doi: 10.1080/01944363.2016.1214538.
Berke, Philip. 2016. "Twenty Years After Campbell's Vision: Have We Achieved More Sustainable Cities?" Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):380-382. doi: 10.1080/01944363.2016.1214539.
Moore, Steven A. 2016. "Testing a Mature Hypothesis: Reflection on "Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities: Urban Planning and the Contradiction of Sustainable Development"." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):385-388. doi: 10.1080/01944363.2016.1213655.
Hirt, Sonia A. 2016. "The City Sustainable: Three Thoughts on "Green Cities, Growing Cities, Just Cities"." Journal of the American Planning Association 82 (4):383-384. doi: 10.1080/01944363.2016.1213656.


Core Questions: Should we plan? How should we plan?

Oct 27 - Nov 1: Arguments for and Against Planning

Oct 27:
Richard E. Foglesong, "Planning the Capitalist City"
Richard Klosterman.   "Arguments for and Against Planning"
Garrett Hardin, 1968. The Tragedy of the Commons. Science, Vol. 162 no. 3859, pp. 1243-1248 [link]

see also:
Robert Axelrod; William D. Hamilton, 1981. The Evolution of Cooperation, Science, New Series, Vol. 211, No. 4489. (Mar. 27, 1981), pp. 1390-1396.
Alexander, Ernest R. 2004. Capturing the Public Interest : Promoting Planning in Conservative Times. Journal of Planning Education and Research 24:102.

Nov 1:
Campbell, Heather and Robert Marshall, "Utilitarianism’s Bad Breath? A Re-evalution of the Public Interest Justification for Planning."
Peter Gordon, "Plan Obsolescence", Reason, 1998. [alternative link] [a copy also in Canvas]
Friedrich Hayek, 1945. The Use of Knowledge in Society. American Economic Review, XXXV, No. 4; September, 519-30.

see also:
Fontenot, A. (2015). Notes Toward a History of Non-Planning: On design, the market, and the state. Places(January). [link]
Harvey, David. "On Planning the Ideology of Planning," in The Urbanization of Capital: Studies in the History and Theory of Capitalist Urbanization.
browse the e-journal Planning & Markets
Peter Gordon, Hayek and Cities: Guidelines for Regional Scientists ; The Sprawl Debate : Let Markets Plan [Adobe PDF Format]
Harper, Thomas L., and Stanley M. Stein. 1995. Out of the Postmodern Abyss: Preserving the Rationale for Liberal Planning. Journal of Planning Education and Research 14 (4):233-244.
Terry Moore (1978): Why Allow Planners to Do What They Do? A Justification from Economic Theory, Journal of the American Institute of Planners, 44:4, 387-398. [newly added]
Banham, R., Barker, P., Hall, P., & Price, C. (1969). Non-Plan: an experiment in freedom. New society, 13, 338. [add link]

class blog theme: arguments for/against planning [read and add your own text and/or visual entry]



Nov 3: Writing for Planning: Strategies, Genres, Audiences (Prof. Julie Steiff)

Note: these two short readings are contained in a single file ("Macris, Planning in Plain English") in Canvas. Please also read the instructions for Essay #3 (the memo assignment).

Macris, Natalie. 2000. Planning in plain English : writing tips for urban and environmental planners. Chicago, Ill.: Planners Press : American Planning Association. (Introduction; Chapters 1-2, pp. 3-14).

Alred, Gerald J., Charles T. Brusaw, and Walter E. Oliu. 2006. Handbook of technical writing. Eighth ed. New York: St. Martins Press. (pp. 325-9, on memo writing).



Nov 8 - 10: How should we plan? Traditional Approaches (Comprehensive, Incremental, Advocacy, Strategic, Equity)

Nov 8:
Fainstein, Susan S. 2005. "Planning Theory and the City." Journal of Planning Education and Research 25 (2):121-130. doi: 10.1177/0739456x05279275.
Altshuler, Alan. 1965. "The Goals of Comprehensive Planning." Journal of the American Institute of Planning 31:186-94.
Lindblom, Charles E. 1959. "The Science of Muddling Through." Public Administration Review 19 (Spring):79-88.
Davidoff, Paul. 1965. "Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning." Journal of the American Institute of Planners 31 (4):544-555.

Nov 10:
Kaufman, Jerome L., and Harvey M. Jacobs. 1987. "A Public Planning Perspective on Strategic Planning." Journal of the American Planning Association 53:23-33.
Krumholz, Norman. 1982. "A Retrospective View of Equity Planning: Cleveland, 1969-1979." Journal of the American Planning Association 48 (Spring):163-83.
Fainstein, Susan S. and Norman Fainstein "City Planning and Political Values:An Updated View," in Readings in Planning Theory, 1st ed., edited by Campbell,Scott and Fainstein, Susan S. Cambridge: Blackwell, 1996
American Institute of Certified Planners, Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct. [ link for the current versions]

By the end of today, each student should select one planning style on this google doc [link] (forming groups of 2-3 students for each style).

see also:

"Special Report: 21st Century Comprehensive Plan," Planning (the Magazine of the American Planning Association), March 2016, pp. 14-31.
Reinventing the General Plan: A Project of the California Planning Roundtable (With support from the American Planning Association, California Chapter)
Henry Mintzberg. 1994. The Fall and Rise of Strategic Planning. Harvard Business Review. Jan-Feb. [link]

click for larger image


Nov 15: How should we plan? Recent Alternative Approaches (including Communicative Action)

Healey, Patsy. 2012. Communicative Planning: Practices, Concepts, and Rhetorics, in Sanyal, Bishwapriya, Vale, Lawrence J., and Rosan, Christina, eds. Planning Ideas That Matter : Livability, Territoriality, Governance, and Reflective Practice. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. pp. 333-57. [ebrary]
Forester, John. "Learning from Practice Stories: The Priority of Practical Judgment," in The Argumentative Turn in Policy Analysis and Planning, edited by Frank Fischer and John Forester. Durham/London: Duke, 1993, pp. 186-209.
Bent Flyvbjerg, Bringing Power to Planning Research: One Researcher's Praxis Story.
Flyvbjerg, Bent and Tim Richardson.  2002.  "Planning and Foucault: in Search of the Dark Side of Planning Theory,” in Planning Futures: New Directions for Planning Theory. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 44-62.
Pennington, Mark. "A Hayekian Liberal Critique of Collaborative Planning," in Planning Futures: New Directions for Planning Theory. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 187-205.
Campanella, Thomas. 2011. "Jane Jacobs and the Death and Life of American Planning." Places (April). [link, also in Canvas]

BEFORE CLASS, Each group should add their answers to the collectively-authored google docs table of planning styles [link]
also: hand-out for in-class exercise/role-playing on styles of planning applied to a brownfield adaptive-reuse scenario[link]

see also:
Klosterman, Richard E. 2013. Lessons learned about planning. Journal of the American Planning Association 79, no 2: 161-69.
Brooks, Michael P. 2002. Planning Theory for Practitioners (Ch. 9: "Decentralized Non-Rationality: the Planner as Communicator), APA Press. [new addition]
Charles J. Hoch, 2007. Pragmatic Communicative Action Theory. Journal of Planning Education and Research; 26; 272.
Patsy Healey, Traditions of Planning Thought.
Frank Fischer, Public Policy as Discursive Construct: Social Meaning and Multiple Realities.
Judith E. Innes & David E. Booher (2004): Reframing public participation: strategies for the 21st century, Planning Theory & Practice, 5:4, 419-436


click to run your own google ngram of planning styles ( add your own search terms)

FINAL TASK FOR THIS MODULE ON PLANNING STYLES: please complete this short survey on planning styles and ethical questions(see email for link)

The restructuring Metropolis and the Contested meaning and Consequences of Suburbia

Nov 17: The Origins and Consequences (social, environmental) of Suburbia

Hall, Cities of Tomorrow (Chs. 3, 5, 9) 
Fishman, Robert. "Bourgeois Utopias: Visions of Suburbia (excerpt from Bourgeois Utopias: the rise and fall of suburbia. New York: Basic Books.).
Rybczynski, Witold. "Country Homes for City People," in City Life. New York: Touchstone / Simon & Schuster, 1995, pp. 173-196.
Cohen, Lizabeth. "Residence: Inequality in Mass Suburbia," in A Consumers' Republic. New York: Vintage, 2003, pp. 194-256.

see also:
Fishman, Robert. Bourgeois utopias: the rise and fall of suburbia (limited google view)
Jones-Correa, Michael. The Origins and Diffusion of Racial Restrictive Covenants, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 115 (4) (Winter, 2000-2001), pp. 541-568.

Reminder: please complete short survey on planning styles and ethical questions [link to be added]

      Essay Three due Nov 22

Nov 22: The Future of Suburban Spaces: Edge Cities, New Urbanism, Retrofitting Suburbia

Fishman, Robert, The Fifth Migration.
Brooks, David. "Out for a Drive," in On Paradise Drive. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2004, pp. 15-64
Kunstler, James Howard. "Home From Nowhere." Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 278, No. 3, September 1996.
Talen, Emily, Connecting New Urbanism and American Planning: An Historical Interpretation.
Campanella, T. J. (2008). Concrete Dragon : China's Urban Revolution and What it Means for the World. New York, NY, USA: Princeton Architectural Press. (Ch 7 "Suburbanization and the Mechanics of Sprawl"). [ebrary]

see also:
Fishman, Robert. 2012. New Urbanism, in Sanyal, Bishwapriya, Vale, Lawrence J., and Rosan, Christina, eds. Planning Ideas That Matter : Livability, Territoriality, Governance, and Reflective Practice. Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press. pp. 333-57. [ebrary]
Fishman, Robert. 2002. Global Suburbs.
Robert Lang and Edward Blakely, 2006. SUBURBS: In Search of the Real OC: Exploring the State of American Suburbs. The Next American City. p. 16.
Robert Lang, Thomas Sanchez and Asli Ceylan Oner. 2009. Beyond Edgeless Cities: Office Geography in the New Metropolis. Urban Geography 30, 7, pp. 726–755.
America's new Utopias (The Economist)
New York Times Magazine:   "the Suburban Nation" (April 9, 2000)
Talen, Emily, and Cliff Ellis. 2002. Beyond Relativism: Reclaiming the Search for Good City Form. Journal of Planning Education and Research 22 (1):36-49.
The New York Times. 2010. Redefining What 'Home' Means [room for debate]. Sept. 7.
Congress for the New Urbanism
plus: these books on suburbia are available on ebrary: Robert Lewis, Manufacturing Suburbs: Building Work and Home on the Metropolitan Fringe; Lang, Robert and Jennifer LeFurgy, Boomburbs : The Rise of America's Accidental Cities; Hanlon, Bernadette, Once the American Dream : Inner-Ring Suburbs of the Metropolitan United States; Beauregard, Robert A. , When America Became Suburban; Bruegmann, Robert, Sprawl : A Compact History; Saunders, William and Robert Fishman, Sprawl and Suburbia : A Harvard Design Magazine Reader.
Klinenberg, Eric (2004). Bourgeois Dystopias. The Nation, 278(25), 40-44. [link; also in Canvas]
Robert Fishman, A Suburban Revolution: Global Suburbs and the Transformation of Urbanism. [Video of keynote address at the Suburban Revolution Conference, York University, Sept. 26, 2013.] [youtube link]

post your answers to the blog: the future of suburbia


Nov 24: No class (Thanksgiving Break)


Changing Cityscapes & Future Challenges to Urban Planning: Restructuring & Globalization

Nov 29: Restructuring and Retheorizing: Economic Development & the Changing Urban Economy

Hall, Peter. Cities of Tomorrow (Ch. 11)
Krugman, Paul. "Localization," in Geography and Trade. Cambridge, Mass. MIT Press, 1991, pp. 35-67.
Porter, Michael. "New Strategies for Inner-City Economic Development." Economic Development Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 1, February 1997, pp. 11-27.
Chapple, Karen, Cynthia Kroll, T. William Lester and Sergio Montero. 2010. Innovation in the Green Economy: An Extension of the Regional Innovation System Model? Economic Development Quarterly 2011 25: 5
Glaeser, Edward L. 2005. Should the Government Rebuild New Orleans, Or Just Give Residents Checks? The Economists' Voice 2 (4) Article 4.

    PB analysis due Dec 1

Dec 1 - 6: Theory goes Global: Global Cities, Megacities, Informational Society and the Emergence of Alternative Planning Theories

Thursday (Dec 1): Introduction to the Ideas of Globalization and Global Cities (in a late-industrial, information age)

Saskia Sassen, The Global City: Strategic Site/New Frontier.
John Friedmann, Reflections on Place and Place-Making in the Cities of China.
Packer, George. 2006. The Megacity: a Reporter at Large. The New Yorker 82 (37), Nov 13: 64-75.
[interesting contemporary contrast to Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives and Friedrich Engels, The Condition of the Working-Class in England]
[add Fulong Wu, Planning for Growth book excerpt]

Tuesday (Dec 6): Expanding Planning Theory beyond its US/UK focus

Ward Steven, Reexamining the International Diffusion of Planning.
Oren Yiftachel, Re-engaging Planning Theory? Towards 'South-Eastern' Perspectives.


see also:
Watson, Vanessa(2003) 'Conflicting rationalities: implications for planning theory and ethics', Planning Theory & Practice, 4:4, 395-407.
Peter Evans, Political Strategies for More Livable Cities.
Yang Zheng and Ke Fang, Is history repeating itself? Urban Renewal in the United States to Inner-City Redevelopment in China.
David Harvey, Uneven Geographical Developments and Universal Rights.
Michael Peter Smith, Transnationalism and Citizenship.
Ha-Joon Chang, The Economic Theory of the Developmental State.
Mike Davis, The Prevalence of Slums.
James Holston, Dangerous Spaces of Citizenship: Gang Talk, Rights Talk and Rule of Law in Brazil.
The Guardian: The rise of megacities – interactive [link]
Zhao, Pengjun. 2015. "The evolution of the urban planning system in contemporary China: an institutional approach." International Development Planning Review 37 (3):269-287.

New google "slide" document: provide your own slide by class time on the future of planning and cities
and see the UP650 (Advanced Urban Theory) blog: Visualizing the Global/National/Local
see also the expanded list below ("Coda: globalizing the curriculum: expanding planning theory beyond the traditional focus on the US, UK and Europe")


The Final Week

Dec 8: Synthesis, Review Session + Question and Answer

This session has two parts:

study guide/exam information



Dec 13: In-class Exam

[study guide/exam information]

EXTRA OFFICE HOURS [times posted here -- just stop by/no need to sign up]to the great S



Coda: globalizing the curriculum: expanding planning theory beyond the traditional focus on the US, UK and Europe

The geographic map of planning theory and urban theory has been steadily shifting away from its old UK/US/Euro-centricity. This list is a modest attempt to list some of the recent English language* readings and resources to this end. (*this deference to English texts itself creates its own barriers as well.) Note: these readings are not part of the course requirements, but instead an optional resource.


Selected Readings (including those listed on the above syllabus, especially from Dec 1 - 6):

Note: The boundaries between "global" planning theory, comparative urban theory, "non-western" planning theory, development studies, multiculturalism/diversity (e.g., the role of immigrant communities in US cities), etc. are overlapping and not always useful. Rather than including everything (which would lead to a massive list), this list focuses on addressing the question: "If planning theory has focused too much on planning and urbanization in cities such as London, Berlin, New York and Chicago, what should we read to expand (both geographically and thematically) the dialogue about what planning theory is and can be?"

Brenner, N., & Keil, R. (Eds.). (2006). The global cities reader. Abingdon, Oxon ; N.Y.: Routledge.
Buruma, I., & Margalit, A. (2004). Occidentalism : the West in the eyes of its enemies. New York: Penguin Press. (Chapter: "The Occidental City", pp. 13-48.).
Campanella, T. J. (2008). Concrete Dragon : China's Urban Revolution and What it Means for the World. New York, NY, USA: Princeton Architectural Press.
Chang, Ha-Joon, The Economic Theory of the Developmental State.
Davis, Mike, The Prevalence of Slums.
Evans, Peter, Political Strategies for More Livable Cities.
Friedmann, John, Reflections on Place and Place-Making in the Cities of China.
Harvey, David, Uneven Geographical Developments and Universal Rights.
Holston, James, Dangerous Spaces of Citizenship: Gang Talk, Rights Talk and Rule of Law in Brazil.
King, A. D. (2004). Spaces of global cultures : architecture, urbanism, identity. London ; New York: Routledge.
McCann, E., & Ward, K. (2011). Mobile urbanism : cities and policymaking in the global age. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
Healey, P., & Upton, R. (2010). Crossing borders : international exchange and planning practices. London ; New York: Routledge.
Huyssen, A. (2008). Other cities, other worlds : urban imaginaries in a globalizing age. Durham: Duke University Press.
Miraftab, F. and N. Kudva (eds.) 2014. Cities of the Global South Reader. New York, London: Routledge.
Miraftab, Faranak, David Wilson and Ken Salo (eds.) 2015. Cities and Inequalities in a Global and Neoliberal World. NewYork, London: Routledge.
Nussbaum, Martha C.  Women and human development. Ch 1 (selection): “In defense of universal values,” Cambridge University Press, 2000 [Sections I, II, IV:  pp. 39-59; 70-86]
Okin, Susan Moller, Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?
Packer, George. 2006. The Megacity: a Reporter at Large. The New Yorker 82 (37), Nov 13: 64-75.
Robinson, J. (2006). Ordinary cities : between modernity and development. London ; New York: Routledge.
Roy, A., & Ong, A. (2011). Worlding cities : Asian experiments and the art of being global. Chichester, West Sussex ; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Sanyal, B. (Ed.). (2005). Comparative planning cultures. New York: Routledge.
Sassen, Saskia, The Global City: Strategic Site/New Frontier.
Smith, Michael Peter, Transnationalism and Citizenship.
Ward, Steven, Reexamining the International Diffusion of Planning.
Watson, Vanessa(2003) 'Conflicting rationalities: implications for planning theory and ethics', Planning Theory & Practice, 4:4, 395-407.
Watson, Vanessa. 2002. The Usefulness of Normative Planning Theories in the Context of Sub-Saharan Africa. Planning Theory 1 (1):27-52.
Yang Zheng and Ke Fang, Is history repeating itself? Urban Renewal in the United States to Inner-City Redevelopment in China.
Yiftachel, Oren, Re-engaging Planning Theory? Towards 'South-Eastern' Perspectives.

[see also UP650: Advanced Urban Theory -- sessions on global cities and on international perspectives]


Syllabi (a brief selection):

Introduction to Non-Western Cities (Prof. John Friedmann, UBC)



ACSP Global Planning Educators Interest Group (GPEIG) • and their useful "resources" page, including syllabi
Global Planning Education Association Network (GPEAN)
International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP)
International Association for China Planning (IACP)
Association of European Schools of Planning (AESOP)
Asian Planning Schools Association (APSA)
Australian and New Zealand Association of Planning Schools (ANZAPS)
Latin American Association of Schools of Urbanism and Planning (ALEUP)