Pollution Prevention and Industrial Engineering and Operations Research

The following Educational Tools and Research Materials are suggested for faculty who are incorporating pollution prevention concepts and tools into their courses; please contact us if you can suggest additions. This list is organized by publication type, with relevant IE/OR subdisciplines noted in brackets: General [G], Decision Analysis [DA], Facilities Planning [FP], Operations Research [OR], Production Control [PC], Total Quality Management [TQM], Capital Budgeting [CB], and Organizational Design/Management of Change [OD/MC]. Documents available through the NPPC are marked with our logo (). All publications listed here are described in this compendium's Annotated Bibliography, which is organized alphabetically.



Educational Tools


Harmon, Leith S. "A Logical Role for the Industrial Engineer: Pollution Prevention." NPPC, 1995.

---------. "Pollution Prevention and Facilities Planning." NPPC, 1995. [FP]

---------. "Total Quality Management: A Methodology for Pollution Prevention." NPPC, 1995. [TQM]

Case Studies

Amoco Corporation and the University of Michigan. "Amoco and the Environmental Decision Analysis." NPPC, 1995.

Harmon, Leith S., and Katta Murty. "Pollution Prevention as Continuous Improvement at Ford Motor Company." NPPC, 1995. [TQM]

Bodily, Sam. "Armco Inc.--The Bubble Policy" (Report #UVA-QA-227). Charlottesville, VA: Darden Graduate School of Business, 1982. Cost: $2.50. To order, call Darden Educational Services at 804/924-3009. [OR]

Upton, Dave, and Joshua Margolis. "Australian Paper Manufacturers," Cases A and B (Report #N9-691-041). Boston: Harvard Business School, 1990. Cost: $5.25. Available by calling Customer Service at 800/545-6785. [PC]

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Becker, Monica, Ihab Farag, and Nancy Hayden, eds. Motivating Pollution Prevention Concepts: Homework Problems for Engineering Curricula. Lowell, MA: Pollution Prevention Consortium of New England Universities, August 1996. $42.10. To order, send a check (made out to "University of Massachusetts Lowell - TURI") to Diane Barrus, Massachusetts Toxics Use Reduction Institute, U-Mass Lowell, One University Ave., Lowell, MA 01854.

Harmon, Leith S. "The Tragedy of the Commons and the Decision Maker." NPPC, 1995. [DA]


Clark, William, and Robert Frosch. ESPP 98 / ENR 204: Reducing Industrial Wastes. Harvard University, Spring 1994.

Ellington, Rex T. HON 3993: Clean Fuels and Clean Technology: The Technical, Environmental, and Policy Issues. University of Oklahoma, May 1994.

Pojasek, Robert B. CE-194J: Pollution Prevention. Tufts University, Spring 1994.

Turner, Wayne C. INDEN 5943: Hazardous Material/ Waste Management. Oklahoma State University, Spring 1994.


Amoco Corporation. Second Victory at Yorktown. 1993. 30 minutes, $14.

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Reference Materials


Ausubel, Jesse H., and Hedy E. Sladovich. Technology and the Environment, pp. 143-252. Washington: National Academy Press, 1989.

Brown, Lester. Building a Sustainable Society, pp. 284-348. New York: Norton, 1981. [OD/MC, PC]

Burall, Paul. Green Design. London: The Design Council, 1991. [FP, OD]

Cairncross, Frances. Costing the Earth, 143-252. London: Economist Books, 1991. [OD/MC, PC, TQM]

Chechile, Richard A., and Susan Carlisle. Environmental Decision Making. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1991. [DA]

Dauncey, Guy. "How Green Is Your Company?-A Corporate 'Green Rating.' " In Green Business: Hope or Hoax? edited by Christopher Plant and Judith Plant, 66-70. Philadelphia: New Society, 1991. [G, TQM]

Hirschhorn, Joel S., and Kirsten U. Oldenburg. Prosperity Without Pollution. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1991. [OD/MC, PC, TQM]

Kharbanda, O.P., and E.A. Stallworthy. Waste Management. New York: Auburn House, 1990. [G, FP, OD/MC, PC]

Konz, Steven A. Facility Design, pp. 347-353. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 1985. [FP]

Molinaro, Lawrence, Jr. Production and Operations Management and the Environment. Washington: Management Institute for Environment and Business, 1991. 470 pp. Available for $79 (plus $11.85 S&H) from MEB, 202/833-6556. [OD/MC, PC, TQM]

Piasecki, Bruce, and Peter Asmus. In Search of Environmental Excellence. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1990. [OD/MC, TQM]

President's Commission on Environmental Quality, Quality Environmental Management Subcommittee. Total Quality Management: A Framework for Pollution Prevention. Washington: President's Commission on Environmental Quality, 1993. To obtain a copy, call PCEQ 202/395-5750 (fax: 202/395-3745). [TQM]

Schmidheiny, Stephan, with the Business Council for Sustainable Development. Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and the Environment. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1992. [G, FP, OD/MC, PC]

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pollution Prevention. Pollution Prevention 1991: Progress on Reducing Industrial Pollutants. EPA/21P-3003. Washington: U.S. EPA, 1991. To order, call the U.S. EPA's Pollution Prevention Information Clearinghouse at 202/260-1023. [OD/MC]

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Journal Articles

Alm, Alvin L. "Pollution Prevention and TQM." Environmental Science and Technology 26 (1992): 452.

Bender, Paul S., William D. Northup, and Jeremy F. Shapiro. "Practical Modeling for Resource Management." Harvard Business Review 60 (March/April 1981): 163-173. [DA, OR]

Berglund, R.L., and C.T. Lawson. "Preventing Pollution in the CPI." Chemical Engineering 98 (September 1991): 120-127. [G]

Caplan, Darlene W. "Sylvania's GTE Products Problem Stoppers: #1 Employee Involvement Team." Total Quality Environmental Management 2 (Winter 1992/93): 159-164. [OD/MC, TQM]

Cramer, J.M., and B. Roes. "Total Employee Involvement: Measures for Success." Total Quality Environmental Management 3 (Autumn 1993): 39-52. [TQM, OD/MC]

Deland, Michael R. "An Ounce of Prevention . . . After 20 Years of Cure." Environmental Science and Technology 25 (1991): 4. [G, TQM]

Early, William F., and Mark A. Eldson. "Design for Zero Releases." Hydrocarbon Processing 69 (August 1990): 47-49. [FP]

Evanhoff, Stephan P. "Hazardous Waste Reduction in the Aerospace Industry." Chemical Engineering Progress 86 (April 1990): 51-61.

Feichtinger, G., and M. Luptacik. "Optimal Production and Abatement Policies of a Firm." European Journal of Operations Research 29 (1987): 274-285. [OR]

Freeman, Henry, Teresa Harten, Johnny Springer, Paul Randall, Mary Ann Curran, and Kenneth Stone. "Industrial Pollution Prevention: A Critical Review." Air and Waste (Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association) 42, no. 5 (May 1992): 618-656. [G, PC, TQM]

Friedlander, Sheldon K. "Pollution Prevention: Implications for Engineering Design, Research and Education." Environment 31 (May 1989): 10-15, 36-38. [G]

Frosch, Robert A., and Nicholas E. Gallopoulos. "Strategies for Manufacturing." Scientific American 261(September 1989): 144-152. [G, PC, TQM]

Goldner, Howard J. "Waste Minimization Starts at the Top." Research and Development Magazine 33 (September 1991): 48-52. [G, OD/MC]

Green, Philip E.J. "Environmental TQM." Quality Progress 26 (May 1993): 77-80. [TQM]

Gregory, Paul, Richard Larson, and Alan Minkoff. "Dirty Work." OR/MS Today 19 (June 1992): 34-39. [OR]

Hahn, Robert W. "On Reconciling Conflicting Goals: Applications of Multi-Objective Programming." Operations Research 32, no. 1 (1984): 221-288. [OR]

Hämälainen, Raimo P. "Decision Analysis Makes Its Way Into Environmental Policy in Finland." OR/MS Today (June 1992): 40-43. [DA]

Haynsworth, H.C., and R. Tim Lyons. "Remanufacturing By Design." Production and Inventory Management (2nd Quarter 1987): 24-29. [PC]

Hethcoat, Henry G. "Minimize Refinery Waste." Hydrocarbon Processing 69 (August 1990): 51-54.

Hocking, Martin B. "Paper vs. Polystyrene: A Complex Choice." Science 251 (February 1, 1991): 504-505.

Imbler, C. Clarke. "Who Pays the Price for Environmental Pollution?" Pollution Engineering 21 (Sept. 1989): 92-94. [G, CB]

Keeney, Ralph L. "Structuring Objectives for Problems of Public Interest." Operations Research 36, no. 3 (May/June 1988): 396-405. [DA]

Kirsh, F.W., and G.P. Looby, "Case Study: Pollution Prevention in Practice." Pollution Prevention Review 1, no. 2 (Spring 1991): 25-28. [G]

Koelsch, James R. "Knee Deep in Liability?" Manufacturing Engineering 107 (August 1991): 28-33. [G]

Koenigsberger, M.D. "Preventing Pollution at the Source." Chemical Engineering Progress 82 (May 1986): 7-9. [G]

Kraft, Robert L. "Incorporate Environmental Reviews into Facility Design." Chemical Engineering Progress 88 (August 1992): 46-52. [FP]

Maruchek, Ann, and Lansdon Robbins. "Business Ethics: The Materials/Manufacturing Perspective." Production and Inventory Management Journal 29 (4th Quarter 1988): 16-19. [PC]

O'Sullivan, Dermot A. "Bayer Targets Process Modification as Approach to Pollution Prevention." Chemical & Engineering News 69 (October 21, 1991): 21-25. [G, OD/MC, PC]

Olsen, Marvin E. "Public Acceptance of Consumer Energy Conservation Strategies." Journal of Economic Psychology 4, no. 2 (October 1983): 183-196. [OD/MC]

Oskamp, Stuart. "Psychology's Role in the Conserving Society." Population and Environment 6, no. 4 (Winter 1983: Behavioral Science Issue): 255-293. [OD/MC]

Painter, John, Rachel Semenik, and Russell Belk. "Is There a Generalized Energy Conservation Ethic? A Comparison of the Determinants of Gasoline and Home Heating Energy Conservation." Journal of Economic Psychology 3, no. 3-4 (September 1983): 317-331. [OD/MC]

Pojasek, Robert B. "For Pollution Prevention: Be Descriptive Not Prescriptive." Chemical Engineering 98 (September 1991): 136-139. [G]

Pojasek, Robert B., and Lawrence J. Coli. "Measuring Pollution Prevention Progress." Pollution Prevention Review 1, no. 2 (Spring 1991): 119-130. [G]

Price, Roger L. "Stopping Waste at the Source." Civil Engineering 60 (April 1990): 67-69. [G, PC]

Remmers, J., Th. Morgenstern, G. Schoens, H.-D. Haasis, and O. Rentz. "Integration of Air Pollution Control Technologies in Linear Energy-Environmental Models." European Journal of Operational Research 47 (1990): 306-316. [OR]

Robinson, Alan G., and Dean M. Schroeder. "Detecting and Eliminating Invisible Waste." Production and Inventory Management Journal 33, no. 4 (Fourth Quarter 1992): 37-42. [PC, TQM]

Tusa, Wayne. "Developing an Environmental Audit Program." Risk Management 32 (August 1987): 24-29. [TQM]

Van Steen, Jacques F.J. "A Methodology for Aiding Hazardous Materials Transportation." European Journal of Operational Research 32 (1987): 231-244. [DA]

Van Weenen, J.C, and J. Eckels. "Design and Waste Prevention." The Environmental Professional 11 (1991): 231-235. [FP, TQM]

Von Winterfeldt, Detlof. "Setting Standards for Offshore Oil Discharges: A Regulatory Decision Analysis." Operations Research 30 (September/October 1982): 867-886. [DA]

Winett, Rachel A., and Peter Ester. "Behavior Science and Energy Conservation: Conceptualizations, Strategies, Outcomes, Energy Policy Applications." Journal of Economic Psychology 3, no. 3-4 (Sept. 1983): 203-229. [OD/MC]

Wisner, Joel D., and Stanley E. Fawcett. "Linking Firm Strategy to Operating Decisions Through Performance Measurement." Production and Inventory Management Journal 32, no. 3 (Third Quarter 1991): 5-11. [PC, TQM]

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Contributors to Pollution Prevention Education in IE/OR

Ken Baker
Amos Tuck School of Business
Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH 03755
Developing curricula in pollution prevention to be incorporated into operations management courses.

Yazuv Bozer
Industrial and Operations Engineering Department
University of Michigan
1205 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2117
Plans to incorporate pollution prevention concepts into the next edition of the popular textbook Facilities Planning, of which he is an editor. Supervised the facilities planning lesson available in this compendium.

Peter Dewhurst
Industrial Engineering
University of Rhode Island
Kingston, RI 02881
"Design for disassembly" is one of the criteria in his research work in Design for Service. He investigates design-for-disassembly issues with students in their senior design projects.

Charles R. Hadlock, Chair
Mathematical Sciences Department
Bentley College
175 Forest St.
Waltham, MA 02154-4705
Researches analytical techniques for environmental risk management and environmental transport models. Teaches a popular multidisciplinary course on environmental risk that requires students to apply a variety of quantitative techniques to analyze environmental issues.

H.C. Haynsworth, Associate Professor
Business Administration
Winthrop College
Rock Hill, SC 29733
Works with students conducting pollution prevention opportunity assessments at local businesses; these assessments are sponsored by the U.S. EPA and the state of South Carolina.

Ian I. Mitroff, Director
Center for Crisis Management
Graduate School of Business
Bridge Hall 200
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, CA 90089-1421
While pollution prevention is not an explicit research area for this professor, many cases he analyzes deal with environmental crises and how to avert them: pollution prevention is often one of the answers. Impresses upon students the need for cross-discipline thinking as a way to address today's complex problems.

William Moomaw
Center for Environmental Management
Tufts University
474 Boston Ave.
Medford, MA 02155
Focuses on incorporating environmental factors into traditional decision models. His courses include "Introduction to Environmental Studies" and "Environmental Policy Analysis," which apply decision techniques to environmental issues.

Katta Murty, Professor
Industrial and Operations Engineering
University of Michigan
1205 Beal Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2117
Working on a book that will apply operations research techniques to environmental issues. Supervised several of the lessons in this compendium.

Dundee Navin-Chandra, Research Scientist
School of Computer Science/Robotics Institute
Carnegie-Mellon University
5000 Forbes Ave.
Pittsburgh, PA 15213-3890
412/268-7019 (e-mail:
Dr. Navin-Chandra's interests lie in the design and production of "green" products. He has pioneered a product design methodology that includes both product quality and environmental sensitivity, which are discussed in his "Engineering Public Policy" course.

Robert Pojasek
Civil/Environmental Engineering Department
Tufts University
1021 Main Street
Winchester, MA 01890
His popular graduate course, "Pollution Prevention," examines how a manufacturer can go about manufacturing a product more efficiently based on a thorough process analysis and material balance. He is past president of the American Institute of Pollution Prevention.

Wayne C. Turner, Professor
School of Industrial Engineering and Management
Oklahoma State University
322 Engineering North
Stillwater, OK 74078
Teaches a course in the I.E. department that explores the issues of hazardous waste management, of which pollution prevention is a part. Pollution prevention figures prominently in his research in industrial hazardous waste management.

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Brad Sperber, education liaison
Coalition for Environmentally Responsible
Economics (CERES)
711 Atlantic Avenue
Boston, MA 02111
An independent, non-profit organization that promotes environmentally conscious business practices through its ten-point code of environmental conduct. Businesses sign an agreement to follow the code of conduct and report on their performance. This information is then available to the public.

Jane McGuire
The Global Environmental Management Initiative
2000 L Street NW, Suite 710
Washington, DC 20036
A business coalition of 27 leading American companies, dedicated to fostering environmental excellence in businesses worldwide. Through workshops, an annual conference, and many documents, GEMI shares its mission with corporations, government, non-profit organizations, and academia. Specific educational tools include primers on Total Quality Environmental Management (TQEM) and Benchmarking. Under development are primers on Environmental Reporting and Cost Effective Pollution Prevention.

Lawrence Molinaro, Jr.
Management Institute for Environment and Business
1220 16th Street NW
Washington, DC 20036
Fax: 202/833-6228
An independent, non-profit organization that promotes environmentally conscious and competent general management by integrating environmental issues into management research, education and practice. Its educational initiatives include Production and Operations Management and the Environment, the first of seven modules on environmental considerations in business.

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To add to this List

If you know of any articles, books, people or organizations that should be included in this list please e-mail the complete citation or information to, and we will update this Resource List.
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last revised: September 5,1997.