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The first Black students, John Summerfield Davidson and Gabriel Franklin Hargo, enter the University of Michigan. The event receives little publicity and the fact that the students were African American fails to be recorded in U of M records.

Mary Henrietta Graham is the first Black woman to graduate from the university.


Moses "Fleetwood" Walker becomes the first Black varsity letter winner for baseball.

Athletic segregation is imposed. George Henry Jewett II is the last Black athlete to play varsity football until 1932, when Willis Ward becomes a member of the team.

Colored Student Club is formed. Its aim was to pass along used textbooks, find jobs, lodging, and medical care for poor students of color.

Alpha Phi Alpha establishes first Black Greek fraternity on campus.

Negro Caucasian Club is formed to change University housing policies.

Willis Ward becomes first Black member of the football team since athletic segregation at U of M.

Albert Wheeler becomes first Black tenure-track professor.

The 1st Black Action Movement (BAM) came about as students become dissatisfied with the manner in which the university addressed the issues of Black faculty, Black student representation, and the lack of resources for Black students. Submitting their demands in a ten-point platform, students pledge to "Open it (the U-M) Up or Shut It Down." What ensues is the longest and most successful protest in the history of the University, gaining national prominence and inspiring future generations.

The Center for Afro-American and African Studies is created.

The William Monroe Trotter House opens as a Black cultural center, supporting the interests of Black students.

Henry Johnson is named Vice-President for Student Services, becoming the first African- American appointed as a vice-president in Michigan's administration.

The second BAM strike begins after the University fails to fulfill negotiations of BAM I.

The third BAM strike begins as a result of admissions and faculty the issues raised by student protesters. The University establishes the Michigan Mandate under President James Duderstadt. Its goal is to increase representation of Students of Color at U of M.

First Black Celebratory Graduation Ceremony planned by students at the U of M.

Two individuals file a lawsuit against the University because they are denied admission. Plaintiffs claim that they were victims of reverse discrimination. The lawsuit, which remains unsettled, calls into question the future of Affirmative Action programs.

The Students of Color Coalition (SCC) is formed and a peaceful protest is conducted to bring awareness to continuing issues of diversity and social justice that remain at the U of M. A 14-point petition is drawn up addressing some of the historical issues facing Students of Color at U of M. The SCC sits in the Michigan Union for more than a month to protest the University's provission of space to Michigauma, a secret organization that makes offensive use of Native American culture.

In a major victory for U-M announced June 23, the Supreme Court of the United States upheld the right of universities to consider race in admissions procedures in order to achieve a diverse student body.

For more extensive information on the history of African American students at the University of Michigan, please visit the Department of Afroamerican and African Studies (DAAS) library located on the 2nd floor of West Hall.
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